- Allergic Conjunctivitis
- Behcet Disease
- Blepharoshalasis Dermatochalases
- Diabetic Retinopathy
- Ectropion (Eversion of the Eyelids)
- Entropion (Inversion of the Eyelids)
- Epiretinal Membrane
- The Anatomy Of The Eye
- Intraocular Bleddings
- Eyelid Inflammations
- Injuries In The Eye
- Lachrymal Duct Obstruction
- Herpetic Ceratitis
- Macular Hole
- Macular Edema
- Microbial Keratitis
- Microbial Conjunctivitis
- Optic Neuritis and Multiple Sclerosis
- Ptosis (Looseness Of The Eyelid)
- Color Blindness
- Retinal Detachment
- Retinal Embolism
- Retinitis Pigmentosa
- Yellow Spot Disease (ARMD)
- Thyroid Orbitopathy
- Keratopathy Caused By Bells Palsy
Ptosis (Looseness Of The Eyelid)
DEFINITION: It is the looseness of the eyelid due to a malfunction of the muscle supporting the eyelid congenitally or later in life.
Figure 1. Preoperative (left) and postoperative (right) external appearance of patient operated with the diagnosis of congenital ptosis at our hospital.
CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS: The eyelid may move downward due to a developmental disorder of the eyelid muscle, palsy of the nerves here, detachment of the muscle because of aging or the mechanical effect of masses in the eyelid.
FINDINGS: Findings change according to the cause of the eyelid looseness. In congenital ptosis, both opening and closing the eyelid are dysfunctional, while in ptosis caused by aging, only opening the eyelid is dysfunctional. In both cases, the eye seems as if it is smaller.
Figure 2. Preoperative (left) and postoperative (right) external appearance of patient operated with the diagnosis of senile ptosis at our hospital.
DIAGNOSIS: There is a standard measuring method to measure the degree of ptosis through examination. It is also examined for laziness and myopic astigmatism particularly in congenital cases.
TREATMENT: The treatment is surgery. Operations for the muscle supporting the eyelid or hanging this muscle to the muscle on the eyebrow can be carried out under local anesthesia in adults and general anesthesia in children.